6 Effective Strategies to Optimize SEO for Your Online Store

In recent years, eCommerce has become one of the main ways to buy and sell products worldwide. With a large number of stores competing for consumers' attention, it is crucial for any online business to stand out and reach its target audience. This is where SEO plays a fundamental role, being a decisive factor in achieving successful and profitable presence in eCommerce.

In a world where more and more people turn to search engines to find products and services, it is vital to achieve better visibility in search results to attract quality traffic and increase sales.

SEO optimization not only involves improving search engine rankings but also providing an exceptional online experience for store visitors. By implementing SEO strategies, you will not only increase your store's visibility but also create a solid and consistent structure that facilitates user navigation and interaction.

So, how can you achieve this? In this article, we will provide you with a series of strategies to optimize your online store and improve your search engine rankings.

Let's get started: optimizing your store's content

Content optimization in your online store is essential to achieve success in e-commerce. In short, you need to provide compelling content for both users and search engines. This includes creating unique and relevant product descriptions, as well as using optimized titles and header tags, among other strategies.

Your website should have the following optimized elements:

1- User-friendly URL structure

Having user-friendly URLs is essential for both search engines and users. URLs are the web addresses that indicate the location of a page on your online store. Clear and understandable URLs allow users to quickly understand the content they will access.

While URLs themselves do not guarantee better rankings, they do have a direct impact on the user experience (UX) and can indirectly favor rankings.

To create optimized URLs, it is recommended to follow these tips:

  • Maintain a clear and consistent hierarchy in your online store.
  • Use short, descriptive, and readable URLs, avoiding special characters.
  • Avoid unnecessary connectors in URLs.
  • Include target search terms that are relevant to the page.
  • Use breadcrumbs to facilitate user orientation. These breadcrumbs show the path from the current page to the homepage, allowing users to easily return to a specific category by simply clicking on it.

Remember that there is no one-size-fits-all formula for creating optimized URLs, but following these tips will help improve the user experience and facilitate navigation in your online store.

2- Meta Title and Meta Description

Metadata plays a crucial role in providing context to the search algorithm and attracting user attention. Although there is no clear information on whether these fields have a direct impact on search engine rankings, it is essential to optimize and effectively write them.

Meta Title

The meta title is the page title and should include the main keyword you want to rank for. It is important that it does not exceed 60 characters and provides a solution to users' search needs. Additionally, it should be descriptive, friendly, and use persuasive words to attract attention.

Meta Description

The meta description is a brief description of the page where we should also include relevant keywords. Its purpose is to guide users about the content of the page, so it should be persuasive and enticing. To write it, you should mention the solution users will find upon clicking, highlight unique advantages, and add a clear and compelling call to action. The recommended length is up to 160 characters.

Optimizing the metadata of your pages is essential to improve visibility and attract users. Make sure to write titles and descriptions that are appealing, persuasive, and relevant to achieve positive results in the search experience.

3- Category Page

Category page in an eCommerce store are sections dedicated to grouping and displaying a selection of related products within a specific category. Instead of presenting individual products, these pages show a list or grid of multiple products that share similar characteristics.

The goal is to organize and facilitate user navigation in an online store. These pages allow users to explore and filter products according to their preferences, interests, and specific needs.

Effective categorization of category pages is crucial to improving the search experience and visibility of your online store. Follow these tips and avoid common mistakes to achieve good categorization:

  • Identify the most generic and relevant attributes for the categories.
  • Decide if subcategories are necessary and define a hierarchical structure.
  • Organize categories from most generic to most specific.
  • Categories usually have fewer items, while subcategories may have more.
  • Limit the use of more than three levels of subcategories to avoid complications in crawling and navigation.
  • Avoid adding generic content that confuses search engines and users. The content should be useful and relevant to people searching for products.
    Communicate your unique value proposition on category pages. Highlight their features, ways of use, and benefits. Include frequently asked questions that may arise in users' minds.

To avoid poor content, make sure to include relevant texts describing the products users will find in each category. For example, Harvey Nichols' clothing store uses text snippets on their "designer women's dresses" category page, including relevant keywords and providing useful information for both positioning and users. Remember that the content you create should always focus on providing value to the use

4- Product Page

The product page, also known as a product listing, is a section dedicated to a specific product available for sale in an online store. This page plays a crucial role in conveying relevant and persuasive information to potential customers, allowing them to obtain details about the product and make informed purchasing decisions.

It is important to pay attention to the optimization of product pages, as many online stores neglect their listings and do not have them properly optimized. Some display insufficient information or use generic descriptions provided by the supplier. However, avoiding this practice is crucial as it can negatively affect rankings and fail to provide value to users.

Today, users are becoming increasingly demanding and want to have complete information about the product before making a purchase. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that product pages meet the following aspects:

  • Title: The product title should be descriptive and appealing, capturing the user's attention and highlighting key features of the product.
  • Description: It is important to create original and well-written content for each product, taking the opportunity to include related keywords. Think about frequently asked questions (features, functionalities, technical specifications) that may arise in users' minds and provide clear and comprehensive answers in the product description. Highlight the product's features and benefits convincingly, emphasizing what sets it apart from the competition.
  • Images: Make sure to use high-quality photographs that showcase the product from different angles. Additionally, consider including videos to provide a more interactive and visual experience.
  • Price: Clearly communicate the product's price and any special offers or discounts available.
  • Customization Options: If the product offers customization options such as different sizes, colors, or additional features, provide details and allow the customer to select their desired options.
  • Availability and Shipping: Provide information about the product's availability and details about shipping options, delivery times, and return policies.
  • Customer Reviews: Include testimonials or reviews from other buyers to build trust and help users make a purchasing decision.
  • Buy Button: There should be a clear and visible button that allows users to easily add the product to their shopping cart.

The product page of Omega Watches' online store is an excellent source of detailed information for each of their products. The description of each product is organized in a clear and easy-to-read manner, making it user-friendly.

By scrolling down to the footer of the page, users can find complete technical information, including details such as water resistance, type of crystal, strap material, as well as the types of hands and markers used in the watches. Additionally, the product page offers useful tools such as a size selector and a shipping calculator, which help buyers make informed purchasing decisions.

5- Images

Image optimization in an eCommerce is a crucial aspect to improve the user experience, accelerate website loading time, and increase visibility in search engines. By doing so, we can enhance the loading speed of our site and offer a better experience to users.


Firstly, it is important to pay attention to the size of the images and reduce their weight as much as possible without compromising too much on quality. Nowadays, there are numerous free image compression tools available that allow you to reduce file size without losing too much visual quality.

Recommended image file sizes:

  • Over 450 KB = Very heavy.
  • 300 KB = OK.
  • 180 KB = Good.
  • 120 KB = Very good.


Secondly, try to use the appropriate image format according to the type of image. Generally, the most common formats are JPEG for photographs and PNG for images with transparency or graphic elements. Choosing the right format can further reduce the file size without compromising visual quality.

  • PNG.
  • JPEG (this format is only for product images unless we use transparency).
  • WEBP.

Resolution and Dimensions

Adjust the resolution and dimensions of the images to fit the space in which they will be displayed. Ensure that the images adapt to any device to guarantee an optimal visual experience on all devices used by users.


Assign descriptive file names to your images instead of using generic names or random codes. This will help search engines understand the content of the image and improve indexing in search results.

ALT Attribute

Another aspect to consider is assigning an ALT attribute to the images. The alternative text is a textual description of the image that is displayed when the image fails to load correctly or when a screen reader reads it for users with visual impairments.

Use relevant and descriptive alternative text for each image, including related keywords when appropriate. Also, use hyphens instead of spaces. For example: "descriptive-product-name.JPG".

6- Proper Management of Unavailable Products

Unavailable products can have a negative impact on the SEO of your store. Therefore, it is important to manage these products properly to maintain the health and relevance of your website in search engines.

There are different scenarios in which we stop selling a product, either permanently or for a certain period of time:

A- The product is discontinued because you will no longer have it.

B- The product is out of stock and you cannot offer it for a while.

When you decide to discontinue a product from the online store, several problems may arise that could affect our web positioning. If we delete the product page, a 404 error will be generated. This error will be detrimental both to the user trying to access the product and to search engines, as they will interpret that we neglect the content of our website. So, what should we do?

  1. Keep the product page: If the product is no longer available, we should never delete it from our catalog, as we would lose all the positioning we had achieved with it and all the potential searches that come to it. Instead, you should keep this page on your website. This is important because that page can have value from an SEO standpoint, especially if it has generated links, traffic, or user comments and reviews.
  2. Clearly indicate unavailability: Keep the product listing active and include explanatory text indicating that the product is currently out of stock and offer the option to leave an email address to receive a notification when it becomes available again.
  3. Move the product to the bottom positions of its category: Move the product to the bottom of its category so that only customers who browse the category completely will find the sold-out product.
  4. Use a 301 redirect to similar or equivalent products: If you have products removed from your store that you will no longer sell, you should redirect the URLs with a 301 redirect to another product, as these URLs will remain indexed in the search engine for some time. You can redirect users to another product with similar features or redirect the product page to the category it belongs to.
  5. Provide alternative options: Another option is to keep the product page, informing the user that the product is no longer available and instead offering a wide range of related products. This will help maintain the user's interest and provide a relevant alternative.
  6. Hide the product from the catalog: Although removing the product from the store is not recommended, you can choose to hide it in your catalog since customers will not be able to purchase it anyway. This way, the product will still exist for Google, for those who have the direct link, and for sites that have linked to it, but your visitors will not find it in the catalog.

Regardless of the option you choose, it is crucial to implement some measure, as otherwise, a 404 error for "page not found" will be generated, which will be detrimental to the SEO of your store. The action we take will depend on the reasons that led to ceasing the sale of the product. Based on that, we will proceed in a specific manner.

7- Bonus: Some Additional Tips

A) Avoid Duplicate Content

One of the most common challenges in e-commerce sites is duplicate content. This occurs when duplicate pages are generated internally due to incorrect pagination or product listings with similar variations, such as color or size. Google considers this as duplicate content and it can negatively affect the SEO of your site.

To avoid it, it is crucial to have customized content listings that include comparisons with other models, questions and answers, product ratings, among others. Additionally, it is important to identify and remove all duplicate content on our website to improve the SEO ranking of our site.

B) Use Related Products in Your Product Listings

It is recommended to offer related or complementary products to users below the description of each product. Using cross-selling and upselling techniques can be beneficial to:

  • Encourage users to browse the website.
  • Increase the average purchase value.
  • Improve internal linking of the website and pass authority from one page to another.

Use upselling and cross-selling techniques on your product pages and evaluate their effectiveness. If you have doubts about how to implement these techniques correctly, you can refer to the article we have written on this topic.

C) Allow Users to Leave Reviews on Your Products

Product reviews are essential in any online store. These reviews, displayed as stars in search results, attract the attention of users and improve search engine rankings. In addition to adding star ratings, it is recommended to include product reviews that allow users to leave their opinions. This will help increase the conversion rate, build trust, and assist users in making informed purchase decisions.

D) Use Structured Data

Structured data are tags included in the code of pages to help search engines understand the content and display it more effectively in search results. The use of rich snippets, also known as schemas, enriched data, or rich snippets, often occupy the top positions in search results.

These snippets provide additional and relevant information in search results, offering a quick way to access the desired information. Results that use rich snippets have greater visibility and can outperform organic results. Additionally, they improve click-through rates (CTR) and reduce bounce rates, as users find the content they are interested in more clearly.

While implementing structured data requires certain technical knowledge, there are numerous plugins that can help you easily generate them on your website.

E) Explore the Potential of Blogging and Content Marketing

The blog is an excellent opportunity to establish yourself as an authority in your market niche. Having a blog on your e-commerce site can provide several advantages:

  • Answering questions or general inquiries from our target audience, providing useful and relevant information.
  • Providing more details about our products to potential customers, helping them make informed purchase decisions.
  • Sharing relevant news, events, or updates from our industry, keeping our users up to date.
  • Creating informative articles that highlight the features and benefits of our products or services and discuss the latest industry trends.
  • Use links in the articles to direct users to product listings or other blog articles, improving the internal linking of your website.

Harnessing the potential of blogging will allow you to establish a stronger relationship with your audience, build trust and authority in your niche, and increase visibility and traffic to your website.


Throughout this article, we have explored numerous key factors for improving the SEO of an eCommerce website. It is important to note that achieving a prominent position in search results does not happen overnight but requires time and effort. However, the work done in this regard is worth it.

We hope that this guide to optimizing the SEO of your online store is the first step towards improving your results. Implement these tips and enhance the performance of your online store.

If you are interested in receiving an SEO analysis of your website or obtaining consulting services, please do not hesitate to contact us. We will be delighted to assist you in achieving your SEO goals.